Codes of Conduct
The earliest codes of ethics in Estonia
were formulated during the first period of independence (1918-1940).
For instance, the first code of ethics for veterinarians was approved by
the Council of the Chamber of Veterinarians on 6 March 1938. The Union
of Estonian Veterinarians has now adopted a new Code of Ethics (available in
Estonian only), stating general principles, veterinarians’
responsibilities toward the client, rules of professional conduct and
collegial relationships. Several codes of ethics and mission statements
can be found in various fields, regulating professional conduct and
ethical rules in professional unions, non-governmental organisations,
and private corporations. According to the The Handbook of Codes of Conduct (2007), published by the Tartu University Centre for Ethics, there were approximately 90 codes of conduct
in different fields in 2007.
For example, there are codes of ethics (available in Estonian only) for teachers, doctors, psychologists, engineers, and so on. The Estonian Medical Association has formulated the Estonian Code of Medical Ethics which states general principles, doctors’ responsibilities toward patients and in practice, and principles in collegial relationships. TheUnion of Estonian Psychologists has articulated Union of Estonian Psychologists for its members. A Code of Conduct for members of the Estonian Association of Engineers was approved in 1996 by its General Assembly.
A Public Service Code of Ethics was adopted in 1999 as an annex to the Public Service Act.
The Association of Estonian Biomedical Laboratory Scientists has translated into Estonian and adopted the Code of Ethics of the International Federation of Biomedical Laboratory Science (1992).