For medics | Ethics in Estonia
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Contacts of UT units

Faculty of Arts and Humanities
Faculty phone: 
(+372) 737 5341
Faculty address: 
Jakobi 2 - 116-121, 51014, Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    + 372 737 5341
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, rooms 116 - 121, 51014, Tartu
  • Institute of History and Archaeology
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5651
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, 51003, Tartu
  • Institute of Estonian and General Linguistics
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5221
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, 51014, Tartu
  • Institute of Philosophy and Semiotics
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5314
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, III, rooms 309-352, 51014, Tartu
  • Institute of Cultural Research and Arts
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5223
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 16, 51003, Tartu
  • School of Theology and Religious Studies
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5301
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18-310, 50090, Tartu
  • College of Foreign Languages and Cultures
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 3, 51003, Tartu
  • Viljandi Culture Academy
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 435 5232
    Faculty address: 
    Posti 1, 71004, Viljandi
Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty phone: 
(+372) 737 5957
Faculty address: 
Lossi 36, 51003, Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    + 372 737 5900
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 36, 51003, Tartu
  • Institute of Education
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 6440
    Faculty address: 
    Salme 1a, room 29, 50103, Tartu
  • Johan Skytte Institute of Political Studies
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5582
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 36, roomm 301, 51003, Tartu
  • School of Economics and Business Administration
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 6310
    Faculty address: 
    J. Liivi 4, 50409, Tartu
  • Institute of Psychology
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5902
    Faculty address: 
    Näituse 2, 50409, Tartu
  • School of Law
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5390
    Faculty address: 
    Näituse 20, 50409, Tartu
  • Institute of Social Studies
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5188
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 36, 51003, Tartu
  • Narva College
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 740 1900
    Faculty address: 
    Raekoja plats 2, 20307, Narva
  • Pärnu College
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 445 0520
    Faculty address: 
    Ringi 35, 80012, Pärnu
Faculty of Medicine
Faculty phone: 
(+372) 737 5326
Faculty address: 
Ravila 19, 50411, Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5326
    Faculty address: 
    Ravila 19, 50411, Tartu
  • Institute of Biomedicine and Translational Medicine
    Faculty phone: 
    +(372) 737 4210
    Faculty address: 
    Biomeedikum, Ravila 19, 50411, Tartu
  • Institute of Pharmacy
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5286
    Faculty address: 
    Nooruse 1, 50411, Tartu
  • Institute of Dentistry
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 731 9856
    Faculty address: 
    Raekoja plats 6, 51003, Tartu
  • Institute of Clinical Medicine
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5323
    Faculty address: 
    L. Puusepa 8, 51014, Tartu, Eesti
  • Institute of Family Medicine and Public Health
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 4190
    Faculty address: 
    Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Sport Sciences and Physiotherapy
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5360
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 5-205, 51014, Tartu
Faculty of Science and Technology
Faculty phone: 
(+372) 737 5820
Faculty address: 
Vanemuise 46-208, 51014, Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5820
    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46 - 208, 51014, Tartu
  • Institute of Computer Science
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5445
    Faculty address: 
    J. Liivi 2, 50409, Tartu
  • Estonian Marine Institute
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 671 8902
    Faculty address: 
    Mäealuse 14, 12618, Tallinn
  • Institute of Physics
    Faculty address: 
    W. Ostwaldi Str 1, 50411, Tartu
  • Institute of Chemistry
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5261
    Faculty address: 
    Ravila 14a, 50411, Tartu
  • Institute of Mathematics and Statistics
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5860
    Faculty address: 
    J. Liivi 2, 50409, Tartu
  • Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5011
    Faculty address: 
    Riia 23, 23b-134, 51010, Tartu
  • Institute of Technology
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 4800
    Faculty address: 
    Nooruse 1, 50411, Tartu
  • Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5835
    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46, 51014, Tartu
Institutions
  • Library
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5702
    Faculty address: 
    W.Struve 1, 50091, Tartu
  • Youth Academy
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5581
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 38, 51003, Tartu
  • Estonian Genome Center
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 4000
    Faculty address: 
    Riia 23b, 51010, Tartu
  • Museum
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5674
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 25, 51014, Tartu
  • University of Tartu Natural History Museum and Botanical Garden
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 6076
    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46, 51014, Tartu
Support Units
  • Administrative Office
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5606
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18a, 51014, Tartu
  • University Office in Tallinn
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 6600
    Faculty address: 
    Teatri väljak 3, 10143 Tallinn
  • Estates Office
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5137
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18a, 51014, Tartu
  • Finance Office
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5125
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 4, 51014, Tartu
  • Information Technology Office
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 6000, arvutiabi: 737 5500
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18a, 51014, Tartu
  • Internal Audit Office
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 17-114, 51014, Tartu
  • Marketing and Communication Office
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5687
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, ruum 210, 50090, Tartu
  • Office of Academic Affairs
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 6215
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, 50090, Tartu
  • Office of Research and Development
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 6192
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 3, III korrus, 51003, Tartu
  • Human Resources Office
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5145
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, rooms 302 and 304, 50090, Tartu
  • Rector's Strategy Office
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5600
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, 51014, Tartu
  • Student Council
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5400
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18b, 51014, Tartu
Other Units
  • University of Tartu Academic Sports Club
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5371
    Faculty address: 
    Ujula 4, 51008 Tartu
  • Tartu Student Village
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 740 9959
    Faculty address: 
    Narva mnt 25, 51013 Tartu
  • Tartu Students’ Club
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 730 2400
    Faculty address: 
    Kalevi 24, 51010 Tartu
  • University of Tartu Press
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5945
    Faculty address: 
    W. Struve 1, 50091 Tartu
  • Tartu University Hospital
    Faculty address: 
    L. Puusepa 1a, 50406 Tartu
  • University of Tartu Foundation
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5852
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, 50090 Tartu
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For medics

What game is „Values Game for Medics”?

„Values Game  for Medics” is a teaching aid for initiating dialogue that presents serious issues in an interactive format. The game develops players’ self-reflection and ability to provide arguments and justifications and facilitates cooperation and the achievement of consensus even in case of disagreements when dealing with value dilemmas.

The aim of the game is to uncover values that underlie work in healthcare and to bring them from the abstract level into the context of daily work experience. The game develops medics’ readiness to discuss conduct in various work-related situations and possible value conflicts.

The board game is played by a small group of colleagues; the aim of the group is to solve various tasks, including value dilemmas taken from medics’ daily practice.

“Values Game for Medics” is meant for use during training courses in medical ethics and in doctors’ and nurses’ professional education.

Testimonials

“Values Game for Medics” is a collection of tasks prepared by a group of experts, including medical doctors, on the basis of situations from daily practice. It uncovers value judgements behind different solutions to the same problem. These generally serious issues are intentionally presented in a playful form in order to encourage dialogue and avoid conflict during the discussion. Also intentionally, there are no “shortcuts” among the solutions, just like in real life it is often impossible to make the unambiguously best decision.

Mart Einasto, member of the Executive Board of Tartu University Hospital

“Values Game” is a board game in the course of which players discuss situations that arise in our work where it is sometimes difficult to find the right solution or course of action. Our own feelings may be ambivalent or colleagues may disagree due to differences in value judgements or personal attitudes. The game is gripping and a lively discussion develops in the process. It never feels boring—it is exciting to discuss with colleagues which decision would be the best and to attempt to understand why we sometimes think differently.

Helle Karro, Head of the Women’s Clinic

“Values Game” is a good teaching aid for groups from various disciplines and work collectives, including the management. The game helps to perfect several skills that we all need daily if we want to provide care and support to our patients and colleagues.

Tiina Freiman, Chief Nurse of Tartu University Hospital, member of the Ethics Committee

The methodology of the game

“Values Game for Medics” consists of descriptions of situations that contain medical ethics dilemmas to be discussed by teams of four to six players.

All situations are described in such a way as to present a dilemma—a situation of choice between several possible courses of action. Dilemmas have long been used for teaching ethics, making those facing a dilemma think about the circumstances of the case, possible alternative solutions and their consequences. The method of the game also makes players think about their personal preferences, the solutions their colleagues expect from them and the ways similar situations are resolved in real life.

The description of each situation is supplemented with the descriptions of six possible courses of action to choose from, none of which is perfect. The pre-given options help to give structure to the discussion inspired by the dilemmas because they bring to the fore:

  • Different values inherent in the situation. As every option reflects somewhat different values, presenting the players with a number of options enables them to see more clearly possible conflicts between these values as well.
  • Variety of principles of conduct in the situation. These are the general guiding principles or maxims that shape our choices. The most famous among those principles is “Do not do unto others what you would not have them do unto you“, but in ethics there are numerous other principles. Choosing between different options enables one to ask oneself what the different principles of conduct that could guide one’s actions are. What are the different options one could choose from when searching for the solution?
  • Differences between virtue ethics (What are the agent and the agent’s motivations like?), deontological ethics (What is the universal norm?) and consequentialist ethics (What are the possible consequences of the action? Which of them are preferable?)
  • The issues of loyalty and conflict of interest that arise in connection with different options. Thinking about loyalty makes one ask questions such as “Who is going to benefit most if I choose this option?”  and “Whose well-being is the most important for me?”

     

The making of the game – who and how?

In order to create the game, the Centre for Ethics of the University of Tartu established a working group that included, in addition to the staff of the Centre and consultants from Implement Inscape LLC, experts representing  teaching staff from the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Tartu, Estonian Bioethics Council, the Ethics Committee of the Tartu University Hospital and the Research Ethics Committee of the University of Tartu, and other recognised experts in the field of medical ethics. The working group was active during the years 2013 and 2014. The situations described in the game are based on real-life cases that were gathered and presented by the medical ethics experts who participated in the development of the game.

The members of the working group (in the alphabetical order): Katrin Elmet, Naatan Haamer, Halliki Harro-Loit, Marten Juurik, Ruth Kalda, Aime Keis, Triin Käpp, Laura Lilles-Heinsar, Kristi Lõuk, Heidy Meriste, Triin Paaver, Mari-Liisa Parder, Andres Soosaar, Kadri Simm, Margit Sutrop, Ekke Sööt, Tiina Talvik, Arvo Tikk, Oivi Uibo.

The game was tested by students of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Tartu and members of the Ethics Committee of the Tartu University Hospital.

The development of the game was supported by the Council of the Gambling Tax, the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Tartu, the Centre for Ethics of the University of Tartu and the Ethics Committee of the Tartu University Hospital.